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Lyme Disease, Part 2: Borrelia mayonii—A New Cause of Lyme Disease in Upper Midwest [Hot Topic]

Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne illness in the United States and Europe. It is caused primarily by Borrelia burgdorferi in the United States, while B burgdorferi, B afzelii, and B garinii cause Lyme disease in Europe. In 2013, a patient was hospitalized and tested for multiple diseases, including Lyme disease. Using PCR and melting curve analysis, a new species of Borrelia was identified. Using prospective and retrospective studies, a total of 6 cases of Lyme disease caused by this new species, Borrelia mayonii, were confirmed.

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