While unseen in the Americas, Chikungunya virus has now been documented in the Caribbean with the potential to spread into the United States.* Aedes species mosquitos transmit Chikungunya virus and are widely distributed throughout the East and Southeastern United States, and have been identified as far North as Minnesota and as far West as western Texas. Prevention of mosquito bites and local transmission of the virus is crucial to preventing the spread of this debilitating disease. (*Editor’s note: First locally acquired case reported in United States on July 17, 2014)
Recent Stories for Education
Many disorders of the central nervous system previously considered neurodegenerative and untreatable are now recognized as having an autoimmune cause. Detection of neural autoantibodies in serum or spinal fluid is consistent with a diagnosis of an autoimmune encephalopathy, epilepsy, or dementia.
Hyaline fungi cause several common diseases including histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, and coccidioidomycosis. Dr. Roberts discusses the distribution and ecology of these fungi, as well as their pathogenesis and cultural characteristics.
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