Enteroviruses are positive-sense RNA viruses in the Picornaviridae family that typically replicate in the GI tract. However, in a proportion of cases, the virus spreads to other organs, causing severe disease, including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, myopericarditis, herpangina, conjunctivitis, neonatal disease, and febrile illness.
The enterovirus PCR test is the recommended testing method for the detection of acute disease, by offering the following advantages:
- Rapid turnaround times
- Detection of circulating virus' RNA
- Improved Positive Predictive Value (PPV)